Situated Cognition

Please respond to the following:

  • Discuss the impact of situated cognition on a K-12 course when taught face-to-face as opposed to online.
  • Make two recommendations for improving the course in question (either face-to-face or online) by applying what you know about situated cognition.
  • Describe which recommendation is more likely to result in measurable improvements. Explain your rationale.

Please respond to classmate:


The impact of situated cognition on a k-12 course` when taught face-to-face is more beneficial than online due to that fact that when learning in person you will be able to hear the instructor and see exactly what they are asking for. You are able to have great notes and see in detail materials being covered during the duration of the course. You are able to work with classmates and collaborate on assignments. This theory suggests that knowledge cannot be separated from the context or situation in which it was acquired. What we mean here by situated is that learning is connected to a culture, place, activity, or social situation. In other words, learning doesn’t happen in isolation from other people or our environment. We learn in and from specific places and interactions. In a very highly cited journal article, the psychologists John Seely Brown, Allan Collins, and Paul Duguid propose that for education to be as effective as possible, we need to take into consideration the broader context and culture where knowledge is formed. School is, of course, a crucial institution for learning, but often the learning that takes place here is very abstract.

To help students use and fully synthesize new knowledge, we need to situate the learning process in everyday life. In other words in order for use to learn it has to be useful in everyday life and put in real-world context for children to grasp it and learn it. If instruction is only held to just being taught on line students will not be able to engage with peers and develop the skill and knowledge to fully learn and use it. For example students learn from seeing it done and if they only learn it from reading or learning from online it takes the real-world application from it, and just places it in their mind without experiencing it. Which then puts us in thought of will they really learn it or learn from it if isolated to learn alone with no real example. If we fail to do this, then we aren’t educating students in a way that allows them to use knowledge. Instead, students are just storing the things they learn, often forgetting.

Two recommendations I think that can be done for online is applying more real-world application materials to engage students in the lesson and more relatable materials that gives this time period focuses. Provide examples of what the lesson will cover in detail and great hooks to engage the audience on the topics. Maybe videos and books or articles that focus on the lesson and that are also relatable. I think both are need in order to get the outcome wanted and needed. Having the materials more relatable will create a more engaged class and people expressing more of personal experiences in their work. The creative hook at the beginning of the lesson has to be eye catching to online learners and real-world applied to it so it can reach them and have clear understanding to it.

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Week 3 Discussion

54 54 unread replies. 71 71 replies.

Go to pages 71-72 of the eText and take the Self-Assessment on Behavioral Leadership Style. Share your results with the class. What do your assessment results say about you and your leadership style?

After reading chapter 3, describe the type of leader that you want to be in your career. Identify specific behavior you plan to use as a leader and behavior that you will not use.  What improvements do you want to make?

Please answer the question with your own substantive input.  Also, you must reply to the posts of at least 2 other students in the class.  You should participate throughout the week so others will be able to respond to your input and you to theirs.


  • Please remember the initial post should be written as early in the week as possible (no later than Wednesday, 11:59PM EST), and the peer responses are due by Saturday evening.
  • Be sure to reference your eText or other research to support your response.  You will be graded on how you relate the class readings to your initial post.
  • Apply appropriate examples that illustrate your points – feel free to bring your workplace experiences into the discussion. It helps us all learn when we can relate our past workplace experiences to what we’re learning here in the discussions.
  • When you make your initial post, please fully answer the question and make substantive responses – i.e. at least 150 to 300 words that really dive into the topic and show that you’ve read in your texts and done research to support your opinions.
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Democracy And Difference–Threaded Discussions– POL SC

writing two different essays and each for 300 words.

I have suggested that we should engage and be engaged by those persons who see and understand the world differently from those who sit comfortably within a dominant we society so that we might (re)imagine or discover a new place for democratic politics. And as film-goers who find ourselves more susceptible emotionally to the stimuli presented in a movie theatre, we can at times experience vicariously, yet deeply, the events, the stories, the lives of those who are different from ourselves. As individuals living in a multicultural and diverse society we should consider opening ourselves up to and welcoming such engagement and the possibilities for personal transformation in our individual sensibilities. Such a transformation might occur when one considers and compares the experiences of his or her life and the impact of those experiences on his or her identity next to those raw materials that make-up or construct the identity(ies) of those who are different from them, specifically those who have been marginalized, disregarded, and silenced by a dominant we society. I have suggested that when one truly sees Other, sees and hears the stories of difference crafted and told by the Other in film, one might come to respect the different voices and stories of those lives and thus allow him or herself to see and experience life from a new position, a transformed sensibility, where politics transcend convention. In other words, when we consider our lives next to those who are different from us, when we frame those different human stories next to our own personal human narrative we may come to understand how a particular human uncertainty and vulnerability informs all of our lives.

In 300-500 words share whether or not you believe film has the potential to transform one’s political sensibilities.  And if you believe that your personal sensibilities have been (re)shaped or transformed by a particular film, say so.  The objective here is to share your thoughts pertaining to the major thesis presented in Democracy and Difference.
To add a new post, click the “My Conclusion” link below

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Need Done By Tomorrow By 6pm Tomorrow

The endangered dusky gopher frog, a darkly colored, moderately sized frog with warts covering its back and dusky spots on its belly. Photo: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service/Reuters

Amid all the hand-wringing about a polarized Supreme Court, note Tuesday’s unanimous decision for regulatory sanity. The case concerned whether a frog’s “critical habitat” can include land where the frog doesn’t live and can’t survive.

Weyerhaeuser v. U.S. Fish and Wildlife involves more than 1,500 acres in Louisiana that the government declared “critical habitat” for the dusky gopher frog, which is protected under the Endangered Species Act. Two problems: The critter hasn’t been seen in those parts for about five decades, and it can’t survive on the land without clearing forest canopy.

The timber company that operates on the land sued on the sensible grounds that the place can’t be critical habitat if the creature would die on arrival. The law allows Fish and Wildlife to designate certain unoccupied areas as critical habit but only if they’re essential to the conservation of the species. The designation threatens development on the land and could cost the owners $34 million by the government’s estimates.

The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled for the government in a decision with no limiting principle—by the circuit’s logic, a desert could be critical habitat for a fish, as more than a dozen state attorneys general pointed out in an amicus brief to the Supreme Court.

The Supremes ruled for the land owners 8-0. (Justice Brett Kavanaugh wasn’t seated at the time of oral argument.) Chief Justice John Roberts wrote for the Court that “according to the ordinary understanding of how adjectives work, ‘critical habitat’ must also be ‘habitat.’” The case is sent back to the circuit court to consider if the land is habitat, among other questions.

The Justices also ruled that the critical habitat designation is subject to judicial review. One mystery is why the Trump Justice Department defended such an expansive interpretation of the law. Maybe the next Attorney General can take the career bureaucracy off autopilot.

The Justices could revisit the case if the Fifth Circuit muffs the Court’s questions. Meantime, the dusky gopher frog would have a better chance of surviving in more places if the Endangered Species Act gave private land owners an incentive to protect wildlife rather than subjecting them to years of federal legal harassment.

Appeared in the November 28, 2018, print edition.

A.1) Do you think this decision will hinder endangered species protections?  Why or why not?

B) Now that you’ve read Petersen’s book on the Endangered Species Act, Acting for Endangered Species: The Statutory Ark, you can address the following questions:

History of Endangered Species Protection

  1. Prior to the ESA, what kinds of species were protected and why?
  2. Why was the ESA enacted in 1973 and why, for such a controversial statute, was it enacted so easily?

Snail Darter Controversy

  1. Why did the FWS refuse to list some species after the snail darter controversy?
  2. What role did private citizens and NGOs play in the snail darter controversy?

Spotted Owl Controversy

  1. Why was the tiny NGO “Greenworld” the initiator of the spotted owl listing issue, instead of a larger, better-established group?
  2. What was the legal issue in Babbitt v. Sweet Home and what was the Court’s holding?
  3. Why is this book subtitled the “statutory ark”?
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