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The theoretical foundations are different in both qualitative and quantitative research methods, but when both are used together in a study it’s called mixed methods study. In this type of study, the qualitative and quantitative methods are mixed together in a single phenomenon or investigation. This allows more thorough and complete use of data than a single type of research can provide. Collecting and analyzing both qualitative and quantitative can be beneficial and the ideal technique is doing research in a more complex topic where one single method may not provide reliable results. For example, a research may collect qualitative data to access and analyze personal experience of patients regarding quality of care and nosocomial infections and hospital acquired pressure ulcers. The use of qualitative data to explore quantitative finds can be done as well, where a researcher may use a method to explain qualitatively how a quantitative mechanism may work. Some advantages of mix methods include:
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1. Compares qualitative and quantitative data
2. Reflects participants point of view
3. Fosters scholar interactions
4. Provides methodologic flexibility
5. Contains comprehensive data
Some disadvantages are:
1. Increased complex elevations-careful planning is required
2. Relies on a multidisciplinary team of researchers where large sample sizes and expertise is needed to meet the common ground
3. Required multiple resources which is time consuming
Evidence-based practice has changed the profession of nursing and the outcome of patients in a positive way. There is new research continuously developing, making new policies and guidelines for the betterment of our patients every day. In nursing the education and the curriculum are affected based on the evidence-based practice. Nurses are the front-line staff and play a vital part of the movement of change. Major deficits within the healthcare system can ultimately harm the patients, which can be prevented. There are several protocols and practices in effect at most facilities which are EBP. One of those protocols include the ventilator-associated pneumonia bundle of care to prevent pneumonia related to mechanical ventilation. At the facility where I work we use this protocol as soon as the patient is intubated and until they are extubated. VAP is one of the leading causes of death in ICUs today. It’s the most common type of nosocomial infection other that a UTI (CAUTI), EBP has proven that the bundle will reduce the risk of ventilator associated pneumonia. This bundle consists of:
1. Elevation of the head of bed
2. Daily sedation vacation and assessment of readiness to extubate the patient
3. Peptic ulcer disease prophylaxis
4. Deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis
5. Oral care and suctioning every two hours and as needed
Even though the VAP bundle has been proven to be effective in the ICU setting, there are more studies and developments being performed to bring new and updated changes for better patient outcomes.
Stevens, K. (2013). The Impact of Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and the next big ideas. Retrieved from https://ojin.nursingworld.org/mainmenucategories/A…